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AdiMonal comments/ 
Ccmmentabes sunnemenlakes.' 

Thit itnii it IHiiMrt ai th« rtduetian n 

Ct doonNnt •« f Mm* Ml tM» ei rMuction -ndiqai ei^lntew. 






Tlw oopy fllmad h«r* ha* bMn rapreduead thank* 
to tha ganaroilty of: 

LagMMiw LItaracv 

Th* Imagaa appaaring hara ara tha baat qualitv 
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othar original copla* ara flimad baginning on tha 
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Tha latt racordad frama on aach microflcha 
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TINUED"), or tha tymbol y (moaning "END"I, 
whichavar appllat. 

Mapt, platat, chartt. ate., may ba flimad at 
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conformity avac las conditions du contrat da 

Las axamplairat origlnaux dont la eouvartura an 
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par la premier plat at en torminant aolt par la 
demMre page qui comporta una ampreinte 
d'impratslon ou d'lllustration. solt par la second 
plat, talon la ces. Tous les autres axamplairas 
origlnaux tont fllmta an commandant par la 
pramlAre pege qui comporte una emprainta 
d'Impraealon ou d'illuttration at an tarmlnant par 
la damMra paga qui comporta una telle 

Un dee tymbolet tulvantt apparattra aur la 
darnitre Image de cheque microflcha. talon la 
eat: la tymbola -♦ tignlfie "A SUIVRE", le 
tymbole ▼ tignlfie "FIN". 

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at da haut en bet. en prenant la nombra 
d'Imagat nteetiaira. Let diagrammae tuhrantt 
Hluttrant le mMhode. 












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Premier Whitney 
Hamilton. . 

HisJ^essage to the 





v^/5 The .Whitney Speech 


At his Hamilton meeting on Nay 5. Premier Whitney 
opened the Conservative campaign before an audi* 
ence of two thousand people. His speech, verbatim, 
reproduced from the Hamilton Spectator, is as follows : 

The nlcht ofiMey 6, I'M)*, will to down 
as om of the craatest occaslona In the 
hlitory of the Hamitton Conservatlvea. 
It waa (eW from the moment the an- 
nouncement waa made that Mon. J. 
P. Whitney would open h1« campaign 
In Hamilton that the event would be 
one of special Intportance, and auch 
proved to be the caee. It la no ex- 
aggeration to say that It wae the 
sreateat political meeting ever held in 
Hamilton. The Savoy theater If It had 
been four tlmea the alie would have 
been filled. The doora were open at 7 
o'clock, and the theater waa filled In 
a PRnai4iably aihort apace of time, and 
thoae mho wandered around at about 
7.30 found two blig policemen at either 
entrance, to prevent tham getting In, 
(or the place waa already crowded to 
lU limit. The disappointed ones im- 
mediately made a bee-line for the Sun 
Life building, where an overflow meet- 
ing had been arranged In the Conser- 
vative clubrooma. That meeting waa 
aleo ipacked, and there must have been 
hundreds who were unable to hear 
either Premier Wihltney or the Hon. 
W. J. Banna. 

The arrangements were carried out to 
the lebter, and the commMee in charge 
la deeenrlng of the most unstinted 
praise. The efficient staff of the Savoy 
theater, under William 9troud and John 
Appleton, had much to do -with the 
creditable handling of the crowd. While 
the apeakers were being waited for, 
the Savoy orcheetra played a popular 
program, and the management of the 
theater also 'provided a moving picture 
exhtUtlon. The space between the or- 
chestra chairs end the railing of the 
ordhestra T)lt had been reserved for the 
pceae, >w,hlch waa largely represented. 
Eboh of the Toronto newapapers sent 
reporters, and other outside places 
having men there were London, Mont- 
real, Ottanva and Kingston. Telegraph 
Inatrumenta were placed under the 

stage, and the newapaper men were 
aible to get their stuff out quickly. C. 
J. Jonea, of the C.P.R. Telegraoh Co., 
personally superintended the arrange- 
ments, whdch were entirely aatiafac- 

Promptly at 8.05 the curtain went up 
and revealed Hon. J. P. Whitney and 
the members of hla cabinet, with a big 
crowd of local Conservatives and prom- 
inent buslneaa men of Hamilton on the 
platform. The reception accorded the 
premier must have done hla heart good. 
M was spontaneous and enthusiastic to 
a degree, and needed no prompting 
from any ardent spirit on the plat- 
form. For nearly two hours he riveted 
the attention of the audience. There 
were no signs of weariness on the part 
of anyone. Mr. Whitney's address wa« 
so cleverly handled and the points 
made with such clarity and emphasis 
that his hearers were deeply Intereated 
every moment. The presence of a large 
number of ladies, who occupied the 
boxes and also aeata In the body of the 
house, made the gathering altogether 
out of the orddnary. 

The Imppeaslon made by th premier 
on his audience was thait there was 
nothing of the grandiloquent or bom- 
bastic about his utterances. iHIs atate- 
ment that everyone would get a square 
deal from him waa accepted absolute- 
ly. There was nothing that smacks of 
"gallery" talk In his speech, and it waa 
almost a shock to some In the audi- 
ence when he came out flat-footed on 
the technical college question and said 
no matter whether Ha illton elected 
two Grits or two Torle It would not 
affect the way he would deal with this 
city on the aubject. He waa not in tlw 
buslneas of holding out • taHw to angr 
constituency, and woul4 ana^a no oth- 
er promise than that HamiUoD «««dd ■ 
In any event get a si|ii«<« d*sL Afie^ 
other thing that the Mid^^aOmti ~ 
was his fairness and tot^^^sence bt' 
bltternees in speaking of^Vlcal op- 

J ■ 


PnsMMt MIlM, of tlM CMmrvatlvt 
Amdati oi, Ocoiptod tlw ClwUr 

In a few preltmlnBry nmarka, wiwlr 
curtall«d, for th« audience waa ICMn 
to hear the premier, John E. Milne, as 
chairman, said he was flad to see so 
larce and representative a n'herlnK 
present to do honor to Premier Whit- 
nff. Mr. Milne felt that an honor had 
been done Hamilton by Mr. Whitney 
In selet'tinc It as the place to make the 
opening speech of the cunpalcn, and 
the chairman thoufht th« honor was 
Appreciated by the magnitlcent audi- 
ence. Mr. Whitney's comlav would do 
the Conservatives of Hamilton »ood. 
His government had been three years 
In power, and Its record had been a re- 
markable one. Many Important ques- 
tions had been threshed out that had 
resulted In Incalculable benefits to the 
province. One of the most vital ques- 
tions settled was that of the numbered 
ballot, and. If for no other reason, Mr. 
Whitney was entitled to the confidence 
and support of the people on that Issua 
alone. The secret ballot was a great 
boon to the people. They were not 
afraid to vote as their consciences di- 
rected. The days of stuffed ballot tmx- 
■es and wretched mismanagement which 
had disgraced the Rosa government 
were over. In the recent by-election In 
Bast Hamilton something had been 
made of the prison labor question, a 
system that had been introduced and 
-carried out by the Ross and Mowat 
guvernments. Mr. Milne knew that 
Mr. Whitney did not approve of it, and 
the day was not far off when It would 
be banished along with the other evils 
that Mr. Whitney had succeeded in 
stamping out. The hydro-electric 
power scheme was one in which tba 
people of Hamilton were particularly 
interested, and was one of the most 
Important questions that the province 
had to face at present. Mr. Whitney 
and his colleagues had taken the stand 
that the power-producing streams and 
waterfalls In the province should be 
reserved for the benefit oi the people 
In the province. It was not the wish 
of the government nor Mr. Wiiltney to 
injure the large private concerns inter- 
««ted in the power business. The 
Cataract Power Co. and the other elec- 
trical development companies deserve 
credit for their enterprise, but the 
greater question of conserving and re- 
serving (he natural resources of the 

company was one that the vVhitney 
government was trying to carry out. 
As a member of the original commiaalon 
which had obta.ned Information on the 
subject, Mr. Milne could vouch for its 
accuracy, for It was backed by the 
brains of the beat engineers obtainable. 
Mr. Milne gave way to the candidate 
for West Hamilton, who was received 
with loud cheers. 


C«l. HcBdrto Mad* ShoH But Appro- 

Col. Hepdrle, as usual, spoke briefly 
but to the point. 8aid he: " I think lo- 
night that we ha>3 a la.ger represen- 
tation of the fair sex than at any poli- 
tical meeting I have attended. I am 
glad to see that, for It shows the ladles 
are interested In the political questions 
of the day. I am not going to detain 
you with a speech, for I know you are 
all anxious to hear Mr. Whitney. I 
think this Is the first time in the his- 
tory of the province of Ontario that a 
premier has opened his campaign in 
Hamilton, and I am satisfied Hamilton 
appreciates that honor. You will be 
Interested In what Mr. Whitney will 
tell you. for he will deal with the im- 
portant questions that have l>cen taken 
up by the government during the past 
three years. It is a history which any 
government might be proud of. and 
merits the Just reward of a continuance 
of tlij confidence of the people, and in 
my mind there is no doubt that Mr. 
Whitney will be returned to power by 
an overwhelming majority. Mr. Whit- 
ney can say that every prs-eiection 
promise made by him has been carried 
out. a statement that few govemmenid 
have been able to make. In conclusion 
let me thank ^pf for the way you have 
turned out to^elcome the premier." 


Received With TDmultoooi Appbui* 
By In wwie Coic onfie 

Chairman Mllnt- briefly Introduced 
(Hon. J. p. Whitney, who was rvcelvad 
with cheers <ind thunderous applause. 
He said: 

"Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentle- 
men of the city of Hamilton: It was 
with peculiar pleasure that the mem- 
bers of the government of Ontario de- 
cl.ied, when they set about making up 
their mind!! as to how and where to 



' ••>«»• tlM eamp*lrn-*i It U eallad— 
to««hw vordt. tainc htfor* tb« pcopl* 
^ O" •■ aecitttnt of ih* awwardjlilp 
*• «*• «»»»rnm«nt— I uy It wu wllh 
■■MIU! pl«uura that w* itciUt to 
;f»* '« «1» city o( Hamilton. Now 
■■■*• Ifl mora than ona reason, ladUa 
^y* •antlamen, why luca pl«a«ura 
^*— W «ocrua to ui undar th«a« olr- 
^^■•••hoaa. I will mention ona or two 
*• *^»m, Wa all know th« Importance 
^ H«mlll<)a aa an Indiiatrlal center, 
^ta lall linow that tho people uf Hamll- 
•■■, vwlnc to the Interrau which they 
■•"a. «wln|: to their active bualneaa 
^*'. owint to tho ■-nowledie whlob la 
^*» «hro«d amont them with refer- 
to all bualneaa mattara «nd with 
<ence lo all ibualneai enterprlaea. 
I a wideapread Intereat In all pub- 
meaaurea and queatlona whicn In- 
^•at the people of thla province aa a 
•*«>le, and tbereCsre for that reaaon, 
Viar no other. It would be entirely flt- 
•*i«. enlnently flttlns If I mlfht ao 
■V. that the opening gun. ao to apeak. 
a*sald be fired In thla fine city of 
Hamilt'.>n. (Applaua- ) Now there )a 
Maiather reaaon, ladlea and gentlemen. 
■ ■«» glad to come again to the city 
•*lch aent to the leglalature auch tat- 
^*ed and creditable repreaentatlvea aa 
■•nrv Caracallen, who la no longer 
•WJi ue. who left hla mark In the legla- 
■■tare aa he did In Che «ity of Hamll- 
•aa. whose polltlcnl and public lite 
■fcowed that there were very few 
aHuatlona which he would have been 
— fa le to fill, and I was glad alao to 
yii- to the city which haa given to the 
Vavernment the great meaaure of aid 
and aaalatance which I am glad to aay 
*» y our pretence haa betn given to the 
Vavemment. aa a member, by the Hon. 
£»fcp S. Hendrle. (Applauae.) It haa 
^••n eald by a prominent Engllah 
JAateaman, yeara ago, when he waa ap- 
painted on the formation of a govem- 
■lent to the poaltlon of chancellor of 
tte Duehy of Lancaater, which la not 
^ippoeed to have any dutlea attached 
*• It. and which, aa a matter of fact, I 
•alteve haa no technical dutlea at- 
•■ched to It whatever— he aald: 'Why, 
I an put there becauae they want me 
•Bbe the hardest worked man In tho 
yrertiment. i will have to take every- 
^•dy'a work when he goee away and I 
»U1 Just be a kind of a,drudge.' Now. 
an Is a great deal in that, and tho 
rolntment of a member of the gov- 
"Bent aa a minister without port- 
> Is very far from saying that he, as 
• minister, has nothing to do. And I 
■■1 glad to come here on this platform 
•■d be able to thank, from the bottom 

of iny heart, and oa bahalf of mjr eoI< 
leaguaa, Hw people at Hamll-on tm 
giving ua a (articular and full llliu- 
tratlrn of the ability, and InduMry. 
and practical wiadom of ifr. Handrle, 
which haa aerved ua ao well and whlob 
we aspect to aerve ua ao well In tiM 
future, I cannot open the proeaodlng* 
o( thla campaign, either, without aay- 
IDC a word aa to the aerloiii loaa wdlch 
we have auatalned In the death o( tb* 
lamented Or. Wllloughfby, who waa ona 
of our collaaguea— a man who waa 
widely known throughout tho provlaea. 
whoae warmth of heart and genaroaltjr 
of diapoaltlon endeared him to every- 
body with wtiam he came In coataot, 
whoae advice and auggeatlon were a 
aource of aatlafaction and help to hla 
colleaguea from time to time, and 
whoae loaa will bo mournad not only 
where he la Individually known, Init 
where hla aervlcea to hla party and the 
country were known alao and thor- 
oughly appreciated. 

"Now, then, ladlea and gcntlapian, 
what have we come here tor to-nlghtr 
It aeema to me that w* have come— at 
a'.iy rate— the m»mbera of tho cabinet— 
to give an account of our atewardahlp, 
ao to apeak— to aay a few worda with 
reference to th» queatlona which were 
before tho p-4bli-: three and a halt 
yeara ago, and to tihe piontlaea whish 
were made by the government, and aa 
to the manner In which the promlsaa 
have been fulfilled, If they have been 
fulfilled. Before I alt down I propoae 
tn deal veti briefly with the very little 
weak crltlclam which has been beatow- 
ed upon ua by tho opposition— amall in 
•luantity whatever it may be In char- 
acter, 'because of the fact, aa I aaaum* 
It, that they had no material on wbtdi 
to base any stronger crlticlam. Now, 
then, what waa promiaed by the party 
which asked the people three and a 
half yeara ago to consult their aelf- 
reapect and chaitge the government In 
the province of Ontario? Now, wo 
promiaed a numfber of thinga, and the 
question to-night is this: Did w« 
promise at that time to give what Is 
known as a square deal to the oeople 
of the province of Ontarior (Voices, 
Tea.) If we did make auch a promlaa 
have we given the people of Ontario a 
square d.;al? (Voices, I'ea.) If we 
have, what reason Is there to prevent 
the people of Ontario from giving ua a 
square deal? (Applaitse.) 

"Now, sir, I must go rarpMly over 
these points, Iwcause there are a great 

mar of th«ni. %> promlMd a nuin- 
b«r . thlnvi> We prumlicU to «top th« 
■«1« uf putpwood And t3ni4)cr In pri- 
vau by the nvlnlitar of crown landi, 
and tu have that aalc alwttya by com- 
patMlon by public auction. We pron- 
laad to create aome new agricultural 
•ctioola Hoaner or later. We did net 
promlae to do that Immediately, but 
we have been ab> to create a num^r 
ot th«n. W« promlaed to reconstruct 
the flnancdal reaour r^ of the Un4ver- 
■Hy of Toronto, fhat meat Initltutlon 
maintained by the pecfyle of Ontario. 
We promleed new mlnlnf lawa. We 
promlwd to brine a rablnat minlater 
(ram New Ontario, who would be, from 
the nature ot Ma experience there, 
(airly well (qualified, the beat qualified 
Imleed of any man In the cotntry, to 
deal with triose treat <ind Immenae In- 
teraata and reaourcea of the provlnee lit 
that direction. We promlaed to change 
the county counci'i act and brine It 
kaok to the eame position In which It 
used to be. We prnnlaed to do away 
with the cranta to raltwa"*. We prom- 
laad to chearpen achool books and to 
braak up the achool book rtnr We 
pnmlaed honest enforcement of the U- 
cenae law. We promised to put the 
provincial finances on a sound foot- 
ln(. We promised law reform. .' 
Mr. Chalnman, ladlea and nentlemci. 
It is with pride and satisfaction that I 
am here to-nl(ht to tsll you that we 
have done every one of these thlncs 
that we rromlsed, except to deal with 
the question of law reform, and we 
iMtve ladd a foundation for that reform 
which will be carried o- in the next 
•esBlon of the legislature. 

"Now, thon, I do not want to deal 
with this slight criticism at any length, 
but I will Just say a tew words wttlh 
reference to It here. We have had very 
lUtl* criticism heretofore. For two or 
three years the Ololbe newspajwr, wM«h 
represents one r the great poMtloal 
parties In this country— and It Is to the 
Interest of everybody In this province. 
Conservative or Reformer, tha;t the 
great organs of the poHUcal parties 
should crIMclae the government In a 
pr^jer, reasonable and fair manner. 
and It seems to me that for a f»w 
yearn the Olobe dlJ conduct Itself fair- 
ly well-A)r the Olobe. that Is. (Laugh- 
tsr.) WlM(th«r It aid so from an In- 
nate conviction of the propTletv of Its 
doing so. f . whether It did so because 
« ha.-' no raw material from which 
to form any criticism, 1 am not pre- 

pared to aay Just now, but It did: an* 
then you will have notlosd that wltU» 
the past two or three weeks It coa- 
cluded not merely to slof> over, but t* 
boll over. I will tell you the rsaaoo. 
There are two peaaons. One la ths alb- 
sence of raw material, and the other U 
that for the last montJi or so thsrs liaa 
been, day after day and week aftsr 
week, a steady proc«3 ion of all tiM 
hangers-on and crooks that were at- 
tached to the late government pass- 
ing up the stairway of the Olobc omea 
and denouncing the Olobe becauas It 
did not denounce the Whitney govara- 
ment strong enough. And, at last, tka 
Olobe gave way. Even the editor a( 
the Olobe gave way, and conaequeutly 
you have seen the exhibition whldi tlia 
Globe has afforded to the people «( 
this country for the T>a3t ten days ar 
two weeks. We cinnot be very bad 
after all, when the Rev. James A. Mae- 
donald, «dltor of the Olobe, and Robert 
Jaffray, president of the Olobe com- 
pany, are both office holders of tha 
Ontario government. Mr. MeodonaM 
was appointed by the Ontario govsra- 
ment one of the board of govemoiv 
of Toronto university, and the presi- 
dent of the Olcfb? company, the Ho^ 
Robert Jaiffray, was and is a meittbar 
of the Niagara Falls park conrmlsifoa. 
They are officeholders of the Ontaito 
government, and If we w»re so verr 
bad they would not atay ami deflla 
themselves, for long, at any rate, a* 
the servants and hirelings of such a 
government as the Olobe newspapae- 
would have us appear to .». 

"Now, as far as the opposition la 
the house la concerned, we have na 
opposition. That Is a strong stat»- 
ment. I should have said. I meant t» 
have said, we had no ooposltion dop- 
ing the last session, because I want 
to say with reference to previous ssa- 
slons there was opposition, but thete- 
was practically no opposition In tka 
last session. The present leader oT 
the pposltion said In the course oT 
the debate on the address to the ( 
that Instead of making a criticism _ 
the acts of the government his flia* 
duty there was to attack the goveiv- 
ment. Well, now. he makes stata- 
ments on the platform in one p tarsi 
to-day with reference to one or tw» 
subjects or public questions and k» 
goes to another meeting the followlar 
day and makes a different statement: 
and If you watch the newspapers yaaa 
will aee that he makes a great Abb 

about Toronto unlvvnlty. I hava eoma 
te lhi> ronclualon, and I would not 
make thia atatrment without ballavinc 
It, that h« dcilrra to Injura and pun- 
lah Toronto unlvarally. He dealraa 
to dntroy It If h« poaalbly can. Ha 
haa. at any rat*, thua far don« conald- 
arable dama(e, and I have r*aaon to 
b*lleve that tha editor of th* Oloba, 
aa a member of the board of jover- 
nora, diaapprovee of what Mr. Mac- 
Kay layi with, reference to tha unl- 
vanlty, and still ha will publish these 
diatribes acalnst the university. He 
disapproves of the attitude that Mr. 
MacKay takes with reference to that 
Institution while, ladles and (entle- 
men, every Item of expenditure In 
connection with that university dowi 
to fifteen cents, la published every 
year and there Is a copy of that re- 
port lying on my table now. The unf- 
verslty Is managed Just In the sam* 
way as the Niagara Falls park Is mailt- 
aged — by a commission which was era* 
ated by the late government. 

"I have not muc.i to say concernlni 
tha proceedings o.' the late govern- 
ment. One reasor Is that I have much 
more agreeable subjects to speak upon 
to-night, and the other reason Is that 
for several years previous to Its dis- 
solution that government was em- 
ployed from the necessities of the 
case from the position In which It 
found Itself, not In framing and con- 
sidering legislation for the benefit of 
tha people of the province, but In 
framing and devising ways and meana, 
crooked or straight, by which they 
could be kept In power. Now that Is 
not an unfair statement. The govern- 
ment, even If they had a Aasire to do 
right, having a desire p.lso to remain 
In power even at all coats and all haz- 
ards, had no opportunity to do any 
of these good things and had to con- 
fine fheir efforts to staying in power. 
Now, air, the leader jt the opposition 
waa In the old government for only a 
few months, and I make the prophecy 
here now that we will all be a good 
deal older than we are before the 
people of Ontario will accept as a 
leader of the government of this pro- 
vince a man who was a member of 
th* Rosa government during the last 
period of Its existence. Now I shall 
have to hurry over some of these 
points, but I should like to deal with / 
a few of the questions that suggest 

thamselvea to you, 1 am sure, aa they 
do to me, aa being pertinent, having 
regard to the attitude of tha govern- 
ment of thIa province. 

"Now let m* commence by dealing 
with tha finances of the province. 
Some years ago 1 used this language^ 
that the financial position of the pro- 
vince Is the key to the situation, antf 
that with her extcnslv* resources th* 
problam of the provincial financea 
could be easily solved, leaving a way 
clear for auch Increased expenditure 
on agriculture and education aa might 
be thought necessary and dtalrable, 
and this result could be arrived at 
without periodically selling timber 
lands, or In other words the capital 
stock, to cover an anticipated deficit, 
caused by an excessive and unnatural 
'expenditure of annual revenue. Now, 
then, that waa the position which I 
took, and when 1 said that the fi- 
nances were the key to the situation 
I did not need ' > go Into any explana- 
tion, because you all understand the 
people of Hamilton particularly un- 
derstand without any explanation, 
that unleaa the financial position Is 
assured you must just do nothing and 
sit down and twiddle your thumbs 
and only wlah you were Ih a position 
to do these good ' things. Well, now. 
It Is a slr.gular thing that under the 
Ross admlnstratlon the debt increased 
without any correaponding increase lit 
the revenue. Mr. Ross said. In his 
speech on the t4th of March, 18*4, in 
dealing with the financial difficulties 
of the province, "The normal revenue ' 
of the province Is about a million 
short of the expenditure.' Well nov, 
we shall aee how far Mr. Ross waa 
right. In 1891, the expenditu-.: was 
13,229,000. In 1904 It ha 1 mo. e than 
doubled. Now I am not one of those 
who say that as far as the province 
is concerned the expenditure should 
not Increase If the revenu* Increases, 
and there are objecti on which ex- 
penditure could be male with advan- 
tage. Now you will observe this 
change: there has been a steady in- 
crease in the revenue under our aus- 
pices. The toUl revenue of the pro- 
vince has increased from about four 
and a half millions In round figures 
In 1904 to over eight million dollars 
In 1907. Tet Mr. Rosa said In March, 
1904, that the normal revenue was 
about a million less than the expen- 
diture, and here we have to-day an 

•xiwndltur* ov*r •Ighl mllllona and a 
Ian* lurplua bMldaa. Now, M ua a«« 
what th* iDcraarn In th* ravanua ara, 
•ad It you will bear with ma I pro- 
poao to ilv* you aoma Itama that will 
ba of Interaat to yoa. 

"Itm Donrfolon aulMldy In 1M4 
•mountad to tl.*M,OW. In 1W7 It was 
I tLTKOW. I hann't tima to-nlcM to 
to Into any aabauatlva axpkwatlon aa 
to tha roathoda t>y wMch wa aoccaadad 
In cattinc tlUa tocraaaad aitbaldy (nrni 
tha DMnlnlon. OlM racalpla from 
crown landa In IMM wara UTiLOM. in 
1M7 they wara M.OM,(NO. Tha raoatpu 
from llcanaaa In 1104 wara IW.OM. In 
IMn th«y wara I5I7,«M. Tha racalpU 
from the provincial aeoratary'a depart- 
mant l:i 1M4 were IIM.OM. In MOTtMay 
wara tM7,0M. The ravnue from public 
Inatltutlona In 1904 w-« 1110,000. In 1)07 
It waa I2M.000. The xei on corpora- 
tlona and rallwaya In IMM iwara t4W,- 
000. In IMT they were MTtOOt. Our 
•uoceanlon duMai in 1*04 amountad to 
$468,000. In 1M7 they ware IISl.OOO. Tha 
oaaual revenue In 1004 waa Ut7,000. In 
1M7 It waa IJf4,000. 

"Otuenra now, ladiei and centlar i, 
that under every item or aourr >t 
revenue ot the province In errary one 
of these yeara the revenue h.aa incraaa- 
ed hy leaos and hounda under our mao- 
acantant— th'i revenue that Mr. Roaa 
aaid waa in a nonual condition one 
mUUon dollar! ahort ot the annual nor- 
mal expenditure. 

-ntHmRiE iMoiranr went 

"Now, then, the next question la, and 
I would not be aurprised if some of 
you asked the gueatlon. What haa been 
dona with all thia money— >what have 
you done with all thIa money which 
haa 'been entruated to your hands and 
wMoh you have inereasrd In volume 
and quantity aa the trustees of the 
province? Iiet ua hear to what uaea 
this money has been t>ut. Well, now, 
I am KOlnc to stve you a tew Inotanc- 
ea. In 1W4 the exuenditure on hospl- 
tala and charttlea, an expenditure that 
no one will object to. amounted to 
(221,000. In 1M8 it was 1349,000, an in- 
crease ot U12,000. and the railway tax- 
ation doubled in ajmount to what it 
was under the Hose government. The 
railways have paid Into the provincial 
treaaurer in two yeara $164,000. and a 
large iportlon of It, one-half, I think, 
has been paid to the different munici- 
palities, and this year's flnanclaj atate- 

ntent will show tha Increased amounia 
paid to the munielpallUea, Irom dooUa 
the amount of taxation which haa baas 
taken from the rallraada. 

"Naw, then, take the expenditure aa 
acrtcunura, And then take the as- 
pendltura on acrlcutturs and oolonlak- 
tlon roada. I will lump chem tofatliar 
tot my present purpose and deal wttb 
them aeparataly later on. The expaa- 
dlture on airrli jliura ai>d eolonlaattan 
In 1*04 amountwl to tta.OOO: in IM it 
la 11,0(1,000. The minlater has expend- 
ed this Inc r ease d amount day by day 
on various useful purvoaes, and amooc 
theae It the eatalbllaltment at cokmlaa- 
tlon roada In the newer aectlona of tMa 

"Now, then, Uka tha i,Teat Institu- 
tion of oducaitlon, and <hla it a ques- 
tion on which tha residents ot Jtemil- 
ton and the .'eople ot every part of 
the province alike are Intareatad or 
ouBht to be— a queaUon whioh I 
thpouchout tha ftrovlnce declared to ba 
a first (iwt question to Om dairit with 
aa aeon aa the finances ot the province 
werp put upon a i>roper footing to en- 
alble us to deal with 1« Now, the ex- 
penditure on education in 1904 waa 
1949,000: In 1908 It will be *l,«ao,OOr 
Now, this la only one mote of the Il- 
lustrations which I could cive you aa 
to the w thods Ciad manner by irhloh 
we havr rried out the ipromlaea we 
have ma i and aa to the remarkalble 
and lant j increased expenditure for 
public purposes which we have Inour- 
red In the Intereats and for the welfare 
of the people of thia province for edu- 
oaitlon and for agriculture, and I say 
these are two subjects— I may call them 
twin subjects— that should first of all 
take the attention of the public man 
who Is entrusted with miniaterlal rank 
In the province ot Ontario. Now. then, 
let ua aee what haa been the annual 
position financially during the paat 
three years, and see ihow It ibears out 
Mr. Rosa' statement that the normal 
expenditure of the country was one 
million dollan in excess of the revenue. 
During each ot those years there haa 
been a large surplus In the treasury ot 
Ontario, and It was a sitrpluu that you 
could put your hands down Into the 
treasury and feel. (Applause.) In lOOS 
the sunplua was M20,000; inl90< the aur- 
plus was $429,000: in 1907 it was $<0<.O0O. 
In three years the curpluses a«gi«- 
gated $1,005,000. Wo > paid out 
these increased allowances and in- 

jcnuMd cruiti and ezpendttona on 
.education uiil (or other purpoua— w« 
«utTe done all that, ladlea and centle- 
«n«n, and yet In ^te of air. Ron' 
OToid* at doom, iwe bave <haid annual 
attidHuaoa agcrecatlng ll,K6,000. Why. 
ladlee and centlamen, the tale I am 
toUloc you to-nl|iht Ij abnoat a talry 
tale. It aoundi Bke one, but, tbank 
Ood, It Is true. 

" Now, sir, beyond that we did this: 
We had to laise a loan of $3,000,000 for 
the TemlakaminK railway. What did 
we do? Did we send over to Bngland 
or New Tork? Did we telegraph across 
as Mr. Harcourt did about lis pro- 
posal for a sale of bonds belonglnc to 
the Ontario eovemment, offering the 
nm of J!B,000 as a commission? No, 
lad.'es and gentlemen. The provincial 
treasurer-and I am sorry that he is 
not hero to-night, so that 1 might be 
able to testify to the ^reat value of 
his services to the people of this 
province— the provincial treasurer ad- 
vertised In certain newspapers that he 
wanted to sell three million dollars vt 
bonds of the provlncj of Ontario. He 
paid $1,800 or |1,M0 for the advertise- 
ments, and thattwas all that the whole 
loan cost And the best of It is yet to 
come. The farmers and the lawyers 
and the bankers and the mechanics of 
the province of Ontario walked up In 
burshea of two and three to the par- 
liament bnlldlngs In Toronto and 
bought thesb bonds from the provin- 
cial treasurer. And I say this— and I 
am In your Judgment as to whether I 
am Hght or wrong— that If' we had 
done nothing else but that one thing 
we had deserved well of the people 
of the province of Ontario. 

'• Now, sir, what else have we done? 
We have »2,8S7,000 of cash on call that 
we have advanced to the government 
railway, the T. and N.O. railway, 
which will come back Into our pockets 
at any time we ask for it. Now that 
Is the financial position of the province 
of Ontario, and I say I would not be 
astonished if people who heard of this 
situation unexpectedly v/ere to say it 
was a fairy tale, indeed. It may be, 
but it Is a true tale, and It 's one of 
which we are proud, and which we are 
thankful to believe that the people of 
Ontario are also proud. The record, 
then. Is that we wiped out any deficit, 
that we increased the grant to edu- 
cation by t<60,000 per annum, that we 
Increased the p^ant to agriculture, that 
we Increased the grant to hospitals and 
charities, and we have devoted this 
great sum from railways to munlcipall- 


ties and we have this handsome sur- 
plua I think you will agree with me 
that w* have reaaon to feel particularly 
well satisfied with the situation ot the 
financial position of the province. 
'• Now then with regard to educa- 
tion. Wo promised that we would in- 
crease the support to our common 
schools. In which 96 per cent of U»» 
children ef this province get their edu- 
cation. Mr. Boss used to say that the 
public school was a stepping stone to 
the high school, the high school a 
stuping stone to the college, and the 
college a stepping stone to the univer- 
sity. It was in this way that the sys- 
tem of education was to be made com- 
plete. Now, then, my position when In 
opposition was quite the opposite of 
this. I contended that the public 
schooU should not be the stepping stoile 
or the doormat to anything else— the 
public schools, where 95 per cent of ttie 
children of our people were obliged to 
get what education they evar got— I 
contended that the public school should 
bo made a substantive. Independent, 
self-centered Institution, a school In 
which the children of the artisan or 
mechanic or laborer and the farmers ot 
the province should b« enabled to ac- 
quire the greatest possible amount vt 
useful Information Instead ot being 
merely a stepping stone In a system 
leading to something else; that the 
public schools should not be merely a 
place where a (Alld should spend a 
large portion of his time In preparing 
' ->self to go to a higher Institution 
where he could never go. That was 
the difference. (Applause.) And so 
the first thing we did was to Increase 
the means of providing for the salaries 
of the teachers. In 1»0« we paid for 
this purpose t3S8,00«, while In 1»»7 it 
was about $1,096,000, being an increase 
of $738,000. Then also we established 
a conaultaUve, advisory board, which 
would take up and deal with questions 
of every kind relating to education, 
embracing representatives of the 
teachers of the different Institutions 
of the province— the different schools— 
and also of the trustees. We have 
helped the rural schools to the extent . 
of $60,000 or $80,000. The grant to To- 
ronto university has been Increased 
from $143,000 to $342,000, which Is taken 
from the succession duties. We have 
also Increased the continuation class 
grants, and then we have done this: 
We have broken op the school book 
ring. We have issued school books for 
children at a much lower rate than 

before. Thie arrangement will last 
until the new book* 'Which are necea- 
sary are created, and it is possible that 
all the provinces will Join, and what 
a splendid thing It would be. ladles 
and gentlemen, if the provinces all 
should ioln in having a similar system 
of school books! We have lowered the 
price so that a set of public school 
books which formerly cost tl.30 now 
oost 49 cents. (Applause.) Then take 
the agricultural college, over which my 
friend Mr. Montelth. the minister of 
agriculture, presides. The attendance 
at this oollege has very greatly In- 
creased, so that now there are no fewer 
than 1,077 pupils, ^me of you will 
remember that some years a^o I al- 
luded to the fact that in Germany 
there were a great many small agri- 
cultural schools scattered all over the 
country, and in Anstria-Hungary alone 
there were no fewer than between 75 
and 100. We have made a beginning 
in that direction. It is only a begin- 
ning, but already we have six agri- 
cultural schools In various parts of 
the province. 

"Now, tb«n, another question— the 
quevtlDn of prison labor aJad the Cen- 
tral prison. We bave done this. Af- 
ter conaiderafble work and trouble, we 
have 'brought about a state of aiffalrs 
wbtdh when -carried to a oonclualon 
will close the ibar and look the door 
forever in Ontario on anything' Tdke 
prisom lalbor. (Aciplause.) There are 
some httle matters in the way of re- 
pairs whlicb the prisoners are allowed 
to atftend to, and we propose very 
shortly to try an experiment, the foun- 
dation for which has been thoroughly 
well laid by Mr. Hanna. bbe provincial 
vaeoRftary and some other gentlemen, 
who have been associated "with him> 
We proposte to take up in detail the 
question ot endeavoring to utilize our 
prison labor as wit!- do away entirely 
with the previous state wblcih oanised 
trouble and anxiety and annoyance to 
a desepvinsr class in this country. That 
Is done now, and I have no doulbt 
whatever that the scheme we will 
ad<H>t will work successfully, as all 
e<ur schemes have worked so (far- 
••Now, then, the next quetftlon is the 
railway and municipal board. A board 
ai three memlbers has been apipolnted. 
Legislation has been pa'"*ed giving 
this board power to enforce agree- 
ments between railways and munld- 
pahties. During the last session we 

a'Med to its powers by giving ft, I 
think, the most ImportAint jurlsAotloD 
of the kind yet granted. In other 
words, the board Is empowered to pro- 
nounce upon the validity of munldp*! 
<by-taws regarding munlcdpal daben* 
"Now. with regard to our snfcnv** 
meat oC the license law. let me say 
thftt in 1M4 <we got t228.000 from Uoen- 
ses> In 1907 this amount was Incre a ssd 
to 1889.000. Now we declared that ws 
would enforce the provisions oC the U- 
c^ise law without fear or favor, and 
we have done It. (Applause.) We bars 
twen criticised for doing what w« bays 
d<Hie. We have been criticized fk>r not 
doin«r thingtt whteb we did not do* 
And we are not surprised at that, be- 
cause everybody understands that tlds 
is the most dtffloult part of any cor- 
ernment's dnty to carry on and ad- 
minister the license law of tbe pits- 
vlnce. To show you what con<ditiOD 
the licenses were in In some of th* 
larger centers of the province. Just 1st 
me read a few lines (from the first 
commission that was appointed by us 
in the city of Toronto. Col. Davidson 
said: *We found an absolutely raaoal- 
ly condition- Some of the hotels w>ere 
not fit for human beings to live in-'' 
Anotlher commlesioner, LlUechaimp-r 
said: *I do not know how to express 
the filthy and abominable condition 
in which some of these hotels were 
found.' Now this is the way some of 
the hotels in Ontario were managed 
under the former government, and 
right under the nose of the pimvlnoLal 
secretary himself in Queen's park. Tike 
condition of some of the hotels was 
simply horrfible. Now, It Isn't so to-day, 
and if any one here or elsewhere 
would say It is, and say it loud, we 
will take him along and prove ts hfaa 
that it Isn't so. 

"Now, we have reduced the itumlber 
of -licensefi. I have not the figures be- 
-fore me, but we have iraduced the U- 
censes*to quite an extent within three 
years. And then, as to the enforclog 
of the 'law, let me give you the names 
of some of the gentlemfien who have de- 
clared that our action with regard to 
enforcement has been good: George ¥*. 
Marter, late leader of the Conservative 
party of Ontario; Joseph Gibson, pres- 
ident oif the Ontario alliance; Dr. C. V. 
Emory, Dominion secretary of the 
Royal Teimrplam. Now, all theae au- 
thorities declare that we have enforc- 
ed the license law. 


"Now, let me «ay aomethlng aibout 
local option. That U a question there 
]• a good deal eald about In these 
days everywhere. The leader ot U>e 
opgoaition, I notice, aays very little 
■Iboat It. (Lauchter.) That \e a strange 
thine. Mr. Lucaa, during the last ses- 
•lon of the legislature, drew' the at- 
tention of the leader of the ommaltlon 
to the (act that he had not declared 
hlnuelf In relation to local option and 
the advlaelblltty of It, and strange to 
eaiy— though not strange from our point 
of vtew— the leader of the opposition, 
when acked hy Mr. (Lucas to take some 
kind ul a. stand on the question, posi- 
tively and specKloaiUy declined to da 
so. BJe said tha;t local option was a 
question of clrouimstances and other 
thdngs— that we were to be governed 
entirely by local condUlons. (He said 
not a word to show whether he was 
opDOsed to local option or in favor of 
local option. Now, then, when we 
went intio power the Isiw said the peo- 
ple could not «;et a vote on local op- 
tion it the municipal council were op- 
posed to It. We altered the law so 
that wherever 25 per cent of tlie elect- 
ors desire a vote, no council can pre- 
vent the taking ot that vote. Besides 
that, we did this on the ground that 
w« required a 'three-fifths majority of 
the people who voted on local option. 
Another thing we bave done is this — 
we have arranged that wherever the 
people vote ifor a local option toy-law 
and cwry it (by a three-tVfttas majority, 
no tupenny-hapenny technicality shall 
tie allowed to set aside the people's 
will. (Applause.) So that to-morrow 
If a by-law Is passed, and if it con- 
tains some little error, it Is }usit as 
good as if it was a gilt-edged by-law. 

"Now, then, as to the three-fifths 
majority requirement. We have re- 
ceived a great deal of criticism about 
the three-fifths clause. It has 'been 
called un-"ritish, un-Amerloan, and 
all sorts of things. This is the kind of 
language used towards us by people 
wJ*o perhaps have never entered upon 
any serious examination of the facts. 
I will tell you one or two things in re- 
gard to the three-fifths. It Is a strange 
thing that under certain municipal by- 
laws for the trnpasitlon of taxation a 
majority vote Is not allowed to gov- 
ern. Why? Because many cf the peo- 
ple whS vote have no Interest in prop- 

erty, and the property has to pay the 
taxes. And that is a common-sense 
reason. It la a strange tliinc that In 
two or three, at any rate,, of the lead- 
ing churches of (this country the ma- 
jority vote does not govern la certain 
matters of internal economy. I do 
not know why, except it Is for the same 
reason, a reason thait everytbody un- 
derstands, naimely, that we waat a 
positive, stroiv, unquestionaible ex- 
pression of the voice of the people who 
vote. Well, now, let me say some- 
thing else about the three-fifths. I 
could quote the utterances of leading 
clergymen and leading newsp8(p6ni, but 
I aan not going to take the time. Iiet 
us see how It is in Bngland. There 
never was a suggestion of any deacfip- 
tion leading to local option introduced 
in the Brltlsfa parliament which pro- 
vided for a decision by a ma<)orUy vote, 
and yet they ten us that three-<fifths 
majority is onil-IBrltish. I could quote 
to you the utterances of Sir Wmiam 
ftorcourt, one of the members of Ur. 
Gladstone's calbloet, on this point. In 
which he said that the (local veto meas- 
ure he wtas aibout to Introduce must be 
passed. If passed at all, on the basis 
of a two-tblnds majority at the polls. 
Let us see how It is in ithe British col- 
onies. In INew (South Wales a three- 
fifths vote is required to pass a law 
and Ibree-flifths to repeal It. In West 
Australia a majority of all the voters 
on the Hat Is required. In (New Zea- 
land thre^^fiths Is required. In 
Queensland two-thirds is <required. and 
yet we are told that this three-fifths 
requirement Is un-<Brltli»h. We believe 
that the reauUs of this requlrsmeait 
have been 'unmistakably good, and we 
are endorsed In that by a great many 
people Who perhaps do tnot care to 
come out pulblkdy and say so. When 
the titne comes that we see that it is 
necessary to make any change in the 
license law, any change that will have 
the effect of restricting the traffic in 
intoxicating drink and of 'minimlstng 
or diminishing the evils of that traffic 
— such a change will (be made. 

"Now, I am pretty nearly through. 
1 have to say something now in re- 
gard to the power questtoh. This is a 
questton in Whtch the people In Hjun- 
ilton are thorougbly interested. Now 
you Icnow that almost the whole of 
Niagara power was given away by the 
late (ovemment. That Is an old story. 


But I cuinM ndat t«IUii( you thU— 
from the flnt aeulon of the lecisla- 
■tura iviien we <3*tne Into power, and 
this question wu belnc dlKUised In 
the houee, m found that the last 
iMtMnfownt they had at Niagara 
FaUa waa heinc ooDtraeted for <by one 
OC those ayiMncatee ov combinations. 
When It came up for the constdeimtlon 
of the government we were thankful 
to find that It could not he carried out 
■without the government ratifying It. 
The government refused to ratify It 
In any other way than that which 
would leave 125,000 horsepower ovei 
there as a sort of neat-«gg. (Ap- 
plause) Well, when that took place, 
a relative of mine was In the gallery 
talking with a gentleman, and this 
gentleanan said — a gentleman who was 
int«re«ted in this comUnatlon at Nia- 
gara Falls— he said: This action of 
tbe government Is keeping (20,000. out 
at my pocket, but It Is right.' And 
that was the Justlficatdon we had, 
than which there could not be great- 
er, coming from a man whose financial 
Interest lay In having this last bar- 
gahi carried out and tihe last group of 
horsepower handed over to private In- 

'"Now, It wouM be a long story In- 
deed to go over the whole power ques- 
tion. In taot. that one question would 
taken an hour and a half alone. But 
I will tell you this. In ali our dealings 
in this power question we did all that 
was In our power to give the Elec- 
trical Development compaiiy, which 
was a Canadian oomipany, a chance to 
proceed with its work. (Applause.) 
Over and over again, after we had re- 
ceived rebuff after rebuff, we turned 
back to this (Canadian company, and 
did what we ooud to get it a share of 
this business. We do not deserve any 
credit for this. But when the tender 
of the Ontario Power company was 
Car 110.40 in Toronto and 110 per horse- 
power at Niagara Falls, and the ten- 
der ot the Canadian con^Muiy was 112, 
we had no right to do anything tHit 
to take the loweat tender, and we did 
accept the lowest tender. Then what 
did we do? In order to befriend this 
Canadian company, we succeeded In 
iDdnclng the Ontario Power company 
to consent that all the territory In 
Ontario east ot a line drawn from 
somowhere near here to Ooi- 
ttngwood should be at the dls- 
poMil of the Electrical De- 
vdopment company, a Canadian com- 
pany, and they declined that, and 


th,en we told them we had dona all 
that we could do, and would stand by 
our guns and carry out our contract 
with the Ontario Power oomoany, and 
we are going to do so- Aivd we have 
got so tar akmg with It that the mat- 
ters will soon be In the handa at the 
Hydro-Electric commission, of wihlch 
Mr. Hendrte Is a member. So that as 
far as human efforts can go. we ihave 
carried out our purpose, and we have 
arrived at a situation with regard to 
It upon which criticism will be In vain, 
because we have carried out what we 
said we wt'iM carry out. And, re- 
member this ladies and gentlemen, K 
was a grei^t experiment. The Inven- 
tions and changes In appliances and 
machinery connected with an electrical 
plant are so rapid— they are following 
each other so fast, that what Is up to 
date to-day will perhaps be fit for only 
the scrapheap In twelve months. It Is 
a very difficult and very delicate mat- 
ter. We have done the t>est we coutd, 
and we are now in a position to say 
we see the end of all our troubles and 
anxieties with regard to this great 

"I was glad to hear Mr. Milne refer 
to our action with regard to the water 
powers of this province. Seven or elgbt 
years ago the late lamented Mr. Mis- 
Campbell, from his seat in the opposi- 
tion dn the legislature, su-tnnltted a 
resolution declaring In favor of placing 
under the control of the government 
oif Ontario all the waterpowers not al- 
ready In tbe hands of private Indi- 
viduals. Throughout the length and 
breadth of the province our position 
on that question was made known, 
and it Is gratifying to us to-day to 
find that eivents have tvome out Mr. 
M'lacampibell's attitule on this great 

" Now I wont to say a few words 
about mining and crown lands. For h 
number of years it was a burning 
question up in the northern part of 
Ontario where a settler taking up 160 
acres of land found he could not touch 
the timber or touch the minerals. If 
he took a stick of pine he was liable 
to be brought l>efore a magistrate and 
imprisoned. Well, under some circum- 
stances, there was something to be 
said on both sides of the question, but it 
was seen that sooner or later a change 
must be brought about, and that the 
settler must be given a free hand if 
he went on to face these struggles »r 
the poesibllitlee and obstacles which 

be found in hli way In bringlnf about 
th« advance of acrlculture In that lo- 
cality. And so at last we have chanc- 
ed the law eo that In agricultural dla- 
trlcts where the settler does toice up 
land he can taJce the pine, he can take 
all the timber, and be entitled to the 
minerals as well. This la only one of 
the many steps which the government 
has taken from time to time with 
reference to our mining lands. And 
we have already commenced a forestry 
policy. We have beguii to acquire 
tracts of land In different parts of the 
older sections of tha province tor the 
purpose of reafforestation, and we 
have taken a vote for the purpose. As 
they stand these lands are not prob- 
ably of very much value, but with tree 
growth and with the steps we are tak- 
ing for the planting of seedllr gs of 
various kinds they will also become 
good for agricultural purposes. 

"Now then, a couple of years ago 
there was great excitement regarding 
Cobalt mines. The governnent might 
perhaps have been excuseO If it had 
shown more or less hesitation in deal- 
ing with some of the questions which 
resulted from and were the outcome 
of that great discovery of valuable 
mines In the Cobalt district. So when 
it came about that a discovery was 
made on what was called the Gillies' 
limit we came to the conclusion, not 
hastily — for let me tell you that It was 
only after careful consideration we 
came to the conclusion, to hold the 
Gillies' limit as an asset and reserve 
for the people of Ontario, whose pro- 
perty It was. About $100,000 worth of 
t -^sure has been taken out of the 
Gillies' mine, and yet it has not been 
fully explored, and when the time does 
come when the exploration shall be 
carried out more fully we have no 
doubt that the people will then even 
more emphatically. If possible, than 
now, endorse the action of the govern- 
ment in withholding from 'Sale that 
great property one hundred square 
miles in extent and saving and holding 
It for the benefit of the people of the 
province. 1 shall show you another 
land transaction before I sit down. I 
shall show you the great advantage to 
the people in a financial sense of being 
kept In connection with these mines. 

" There is no need of any comment on 
such a story as this. Is there? It 
would be bringing coals to Newcastle, 
Indeed, If we were to attempt to argue 
anything from this. The people of the 

province I am sure will appreciate what 
we have done and what the future will 
bring forth as a result of our poUoy In 
conserving the resources of this pro- 

"Tou have heard a good deal sAout 
the settlement of the LeRose mine. 
Tou will hear people talk about that. 
Some of them do not know anythlns 
, about it, and some know very little 
about It, while others do not care to 
know any more than they do. The 
tavto are }ust these: Before tbe old 
government went out of power, two 
groups of men, one called the LeRose 
P>-ople and the other the O'Brien peo- 
ple, were trying for certain mining 
lands and they were both of them 
triends of the government. They had a 
lively time, and there were all sorts of 
things said about the description of 
evidence that each brought to «how 
that the other was wrong. Finally, 
after a great deal of trouble and exer- 
'tion, the late government came to a de- 
cision In favor of the O'Brien people. 
Well, we came Into power and the Le- 
Rose people came to us and they said, 
'We want the permission of the at- 
torney-general to institute proceedings 
In this matter, and we will show that 
the 03rien people had been guilty of 
subornation of perjury and all manner 
of fraud. Give us the opportunity and 
we will show this.' Well, this was 
brought to the attention of my honor- 
able 'riend, Mr. Poy, the attorney- 
general, and Mr. Foy turned It over in 
his mind for a. day or two, with the re- 
sult that he saM to himself, 'If this Is 
true— if these people have done these 
things and committed all these crimes, 
and by means thereof have got hold of 
this property, the property belongs to 
the government. It should be taken 
away from tJiem both, and nobody but 
the government ought to htve it— 
neither Mr. Lerose nor anybody else.* 
So the following morning these two 
parties came to us again. Mr. Foy 
said, 'We will not grant .,ou a flat, but 
I lyill bring an action in the name of 
the crown and ■ we will see who the 
property really does belong to.' They 
went away to consider the matter, and 
there was some delay. Before the mat- 
ter came to trial, the O'Brien people 
gave way, and they said to the govern- 
ment, 'We will make a reasonable set- 
tlement with you now.' They offered 
to give the government 2b per cent of 
the profits of the mine at the mouth rf 
the mine — on the surface of the ground . 
—and I would rather have that than 
have the whole mine. Now, then, the 


L^noM p«opl« uld that they hsd been 
at ccnMderable exptnae In showlnr that 
the O'Brien people bad cot the mine 
Improperly, at lea<t acme aettlement 
■hould be made with ui. So we paid 
them IN.OOO— their actual outlay— and 
promlwd a percentage of what we (ot 
out of the deal, which lo far has 
amounted to about tSM.OOO n year. 
"Now I want to apeak to you abeut 
another queitlon, and It . will be the 
laat. It is a question on which we ex- 
pect to receire the unqueatloned au- 
thority and endorsement and approval 
of the people of Ontario a« being one of 
the acts which will be distinctly for the 
creat financial advantace of the prov- 
ince. Now, when you hear somethlnt 
about the suaranteelng of the bonds of 
the Northern Ontario railway, i want 
you to know we think that la a position 
regarding which I am not here to de- 
fend It; I am here to boast about It. 
(Applause.) i am here to look every 
reasonable man In the face and say 
you cannot claim that the government 
has done other than wisely In this mat- 
ter. Now, 1 am going to show you why 
In a very few mln ;;es. We have al- 
ways been as a party, at least for the 
la»t seven or eight years, opposed to 
any further granU to railways or 
bonuses to railways or land grants, 
e^wcially In old Ontario. And we are 
opposed to It now, ^Applause.) And 
we- are on record in the legislature. 
When the Ross government brought In 
a WU guaranteeing |20,0M per mile on 
268 milea of the Northern railway we 
put ouraelves on record— we all voted 
against that, because It was contrary 
to our policy, and contrary to the pol- 
icy which we believed would be in the 
Interests of the people. Now, then, 
when wo found two or three months 
ago that this railway on which tihe gov- 
ernment had guaranteed the bonds to 
tihe amount of »5,400,0<»-when we 
found that this railway was Incom- 
!>lete, we found that there were no ter- 
minals, without which the railway was 
useless— we said to ourselves, "Well, it 
we bave a mortgage on this railway 
and the termlnaU should be built with 
elevators and piers and all that, we will 
either have to let some other people 
endorse the bonds and get a mortgage 
on the terminals. In which case our se- 
curity will be worth nothing, or we 
will have to guarantee the bonds, and 
tSiat wa« what we did. We decided, 
after considering the matter, that we 
would guarantee bonds for the ex- 
penditure on th« terminals and 65 per 

cant of the expenditure In the future, 
the whole of the latter expenditure not 
to ezeeed «l,eoO.O0O. The wtiole guar- 
kntae, under any circumstances, was 
not to be for more than 12,500,000. Then 
we had to consider the question of the 
short line into Rutton Mine, which also 
had not been provided for. This was 
near North Bay, and It Is the rioheat 
Iron mine In Canada. I would rather 
have the railroad from Button Bine 
than all the rest of the enterprise put 
together. A short line also from the 
main line to Key inlet on Georgian bay 
had not been provided for. Now, this 
Key Inlet has a harbor from which the 
traffic of the great Northwest will take 
rail to the east. Consequently the gov- 
ernment agreed to guarantee bonds for 
the construction of terminals at that 
harbor. It was not a grant or guaran- 
tee for a speculative enterprise. It was 
simply a business transaction between 
two parties who came together in a 
business way. We found that the 
credit of the road without these addi- 
tions would be practically valueleM, 
and the step* we have taken have been 
for the purpose of rehabilitating and 
making certain the financial position, 
rt is said that this matter was not 
brought before the legislature until the 
closing days of the session. Why, it 
was introduced on Thursday, between 
3 <nd i o'clock In the afternoon, and 
the house was prorogued on Tuesday. 
Mr. UacKay, if he had wished, could 
have discussed it up to the present mo- 
ment. But let ua see. Mr. MacKay did 
not want to discuss It. On the 24th of 
April Mr. Pense, member of Kingston, 
and (he financial critics of the opposi- 
tion, said to a reportar that Mr. Mac- 
Kay had decided not to offer any op- 
position to the measure, malnl .'ng 
that the (Liberals were commit' jy 
their previous guarantee, and th. .he 
present legislature was only carrying 
out the policy Inaugurated by the 
Uberals. Tot after this Mr. MaiSay 
goes on public platforms and de- 
nounces the stepps taken by the govern- 
ment We should always make allow- 
ances for parties In opposition. They 
are naturally Inclined to go around 
with a million magnifying power 
microscope and find anything they can 
on wihleh U> fasten the fangs of criticism 
against the Ontario government. And 
so we must make allowances for them 
from time to time, even although It 
seems very difficult to do. But for Mr. 
MacKay to approve of our policy and 
then denounce It reminds me of the 
man who murdered his father and 


mother and then claioMd tiuit he ottf ht 
to get oft becaiue be wa* an orphan. 
"Another queatton li the redlatrlbu- 
tloB ot the conatltuenclM. Now, ladlea 
and »Bntl«a>en, If we had listened to 
what any reaaonable man mtcht have 
propoead and had changed the conatlt- 
uendea at thia (irovince In a reaaon- 
able way, we would have undone all 
ttie work ot prevloua admlnlitratlons 
In sarrymandeitnc the conatltuenclei. 
Bat we decided to wait until the next 
Dominion ceneua before undertaking ao 
extanMva a work. Wa concluded to 
let Miaae peopOe atay in their conatlt- 
uenelea until the ywr ino, when ttie 
neait Dominion oeneui wlH be taken. 
TMnk of what the ferrymaader at the 
fanner govemminta meant! Take th» 
oonatltuency ot North Oray, repreaent- 
ed by David Orelghton, editor ot the 
Iknptre. The Mowat govenmient— 4be- 
cause It was the Mowat geTomment 
then— determined to gerrymander tMs 
coMtltnency eo aa to driTe Mr. Cr«ilgh- 
ton out of public Ufe. The flret time 
they were unauoceesful, but the aeeend 
time they suooeeded. Isn't that a thing 
to <be proud of? Well, Mr. Chairman, 
we have left Mr. MacKay there. We 
have left him with that Ill-gotten con- 
stituency In his pocket. Wh were de- 
termined that we would avoid even the 
aniearaoce ot unfair play. (Applause.) 
But he Isn't very thankful. And, you 
know, yon remember hearing alMut the 
election In North Grey, when a Con- 
st-vaUve candidate was dortared elect- 
■ ed, and when there was a recount be- 
fore a jud«e there were four ballots 
with a pencil mark In the form ot a lit- 
tle cross. I have In my desk at home 
a statutory declaration ot four men, 
one €t them a ecruUpeer who acted at 
the poll where these four twllots were 
cast, stating that when these ballots 
were counted' tlhere were no surti marks 
on Hhem, and they were put loosely Into 
the hallot box and sent away, and 
when the ballot box was opened before 
the court, they were sealed up In an 
envoJODe. TMs Is In the constituency 
of the leader at the opposlUon, and 
we have allowed them to retain It. We 
changed only a few constituencies. 
(Here Mr. Whitney gave figures to 
show the results of the Orit gerryman- 
der In returning a majority of Mberal 
memlMTS to the legislature while the 
popular vote shoiwed a Conservative 
majority throughout the province.) 

QtmsnoN OP LAW reform 

"With regard to law reform: It Is a 


great pity that togal ezpeaaas In thla 
province are so arsat. The remedy la 
this: I know the lawyera won't like 1*, 
but I fancy many ot you In thla audi- 
ence win net care about that. Our 
proposition Introduced by the reaeta- 
tlon ottered by my friend, the attor- 
ney-general, la In the dtrecUon et al- 
lowing, After a f .Or trial, Juat one a«- 

"We have done all thaae thln«a and 
we have done more, whtah I have not 
time to specify. I am prei>ai«d to say 
without any fear of snooeasful oontn- 
dkjtlon that the legUlatlon we have 
enacted and the proposals we have 
brought In t* the liouse to be Shortly 
enacted, are a greater result than all 
that was done by the oM government 
during tha entire thirty years ot thttt 

"Just a word or two with regard to 
the local situation. I expect you to re- 
elect Mr. H^ndrle, and I am not going 
to waste any time on that, because I 
am strongly convinced that you will 
do your duty In that matter. I want 
you to elect Mr. Scott, who, I suppose. 
Is now on the ocean, speeding here as 
fast as possible, to take a part la the 
great wortc of ratlfsrlng the proceedings 
of the government during the past 
three years. I hope there are some 
men here from north and south Wenl- 
worth. I hope there are men here who 
will go forward and do what they can 
tor the election of my friend, Oordon 
C. Wilson, of the town of Dundaa, and 
also for my friend, J. T. H. Regan, In 
South Wentworth. I believe If you do 
these things, you will do that wMcb 
your consclMvoe will approve of, and 
that which will cost you no uncertainty 
of thought or doulbt as to your actions 
In respect to the time to come. 
"Now, then, Tm not going away 
from here without aaylng something 
with regard to one auestlon which has 
been under consideration here during 
the past year. It has ibeen the meth- 
od of the late government, esp^jclaUy 
duiing the last few yean, to postpone 
liye-elections ard general elections un- 
til they could contrive some way to 
deaden the oonsclousneeaes of the peo- 
ple in the dMtereiit constituencies and 
offer them bribes. Now, I know what 
has been said hen, and I know what 
win be said In t ■rari to the prospect 
ot Hamilton getting a technical Inatl- 
tute. I am not here to promlae any- 
thing to the dtr at Hamilton. What- 

«v«r wtti IM Mid of me after I lew* 
cMloe. It wiM not be mM that il atood 
up and did not diedain to bribe a con- 
•tituency. I, and the covemmeiit ot 
irhteb 1 am the leader, may lose votea 
liy It, but I will stand faat to It never- 
theleaa. Thit (overmnent will do what 
it r%ht and tair by the city of Ham- 
l^on— (applauae)— anl It will do It no 
matter whom you elect. (Ai>plau>e.) 
»ow. Jet there be no mIsundeMtand- 
in( a.i to tlie poiltlon ot the Ontario 
voveraroent In thli reepect. The On- 
tario sovemment will not say thU 
at the bidding of their opponenta who 
would like to put them In a corner 
The Ontario government will endeavor 
In the U(ht that Ood haa given tbem 
to do their duty and do It fairly. They 
may iall sometlmea. because they are 
mortalj, but I can te)l you thla, they 
will continue to try to do tbelr duty. 
Therefore I aay that the city ot Ham- 
ilton will be dealt wltih properly and 
fairly by thla government, and It 
■wlM be dealt with If you elect two 
Orits juat the aame. 
"Now, when we came into office we 
■were new at It. We were what would 
be called In cenunon parlance green. 
1 have been, of course, twice a«ked 
to take office In the late government, 
'but I did not take it, and ( lost the 
experleno*, but 1 gained In wladom. 
We *ld the beat we «ould tor a wblle 
without experience, and we were pi»t- 
ty well aatlafled with the result. It la 
a matter, I may tell you, ladies and 
aentlemen, of very great satisfaction 
to find that besides having pleased our 
ifrlende we have pleased onr political 
ojnionents. Now, that doesn't mean 
that we are InfalUbfe by any meana, 
fcut we think that If our opponents 
wouM try to legislate for you, they 
would do much worse. It Is a great 
satlafactlon to be aible to feel that we 
have pleased political opponents as 
well as political titends. Now, then, 
we say, ladles and gentlemen, tbat we 
liave fnfUled ouv prgmises, and we 
*sk you to pronounce Judgment upon 
that. We ask you to Judge ua by the 
standard that we ouraelvea set up. 
We think we have given the people of 
the province a square deal: and, If so, 
we think the people of the province 
ought to give us a square deal. ^ We 
believe the people of the provliice of 
Ontario wlU not do us an Injustice if 
they give us a square deal, and anoth- 
er opportunity to show what we can 



Hoa. J. J. Foy Foltowad PrtnUr WMk 
■ HappySpMch 

Hon. J. J. Foy, at the conclusion of 
Premier Whitney's speech, aald a feu 
words. He explained he would not at- 
tempt to dUcuBs any of the iiuestlons 
that he had mapiied out In his mind tu 
refer te before he heard th^ premfer'A 
addreaa, for he would be a very bold 
man Indeed who would undertake to 
elucidate or enlarge on any of the sub- 
jects that Mr. Whitney had so thor- 
oughly gone , Into. Absolutely there 
was nothing more to be said. A gen- 
tleman on the platform had whispered 
to him that the only thing left for 
him to talk about might be the Pawn- 
brokers' Act, but even that wa« taken 
away from him, for the premier had 
boasted that the government had re- 
deemed all pledges. (Laughter.) Mr. 
Foy was pleased to see the enthusla»m 
that characterised the meeting. It 
was a happy omen for the opening nf 
the campaign, and he hoped to see the 
same spirit shown In Ciher places In 
the province. Hairllton had an especial 
reason for taking an Interest In th^ 
record of the Whitney government, for 
It had sent to Mr. Whitney, In the per- 
jon of the Hon. J. S. Hendrle. a man 
who by his wide experience and great 
ability had been of Incalculable "enefit 
to the cabinet. Mr.,Foy thoui.! there 
was no question- about Mr. ep-lru^ 
being returned again, and h» ii..n <i 
they would elect both Mr. He.idrle anrl 
Mr. Scott with large majorities to show 
that the people of Hamilton wer" In 
line with the best thought anS the best 
policy in the province. Many of the 
best men in the opposition were refus- 
ing to contest oonstituenciea against 
Mr. Whitney, and the present was no 
time for the city of Hamilton to go 
back on Mr. Whitney. (CMes of • We 
won't.") Referring briefly to th' \i- 
Rose mine deal. Mr. Foy ttaougi i the 
greatest test of the wisdom tu that 
agreement was that If it wo t to be 
done over again the government would 
do it. Personally, he would be glad 
every day in the week to close such 
a bargain. ■ 


At the Close of Mr. Poy's happy little 
speech Mayor Stewart read the follow- 
ing resolution, which was promptly 


" That this mmtlnc iteorda Ita appro- 
elation of the honor conferred by the 
Hon. Mr. Whitney and the mtmbera of 
hli cabinet In telectlnK the city of 
Hamilton for their declaration of gov- 
ernment policy In acain appealing to 
the electorate for an endorsatlon of 
that policy. 

•* It It very gratifying to those who 
have eupported Mr. Whitney's govern- 
ment to have placed before them as 
we have had here to-night so lucidly 
the clean record of their administration 
of public affairs, which Is In such 
marked contrast to the deplorable con- 
ditions prevailing at Ottawa, where 
every department of the government 
appears to be Infected with the leprosy 
of graft. 

" In conveying to Mr. Whitney the 
assurance of our confidence that the 
same rectitude which has characterised 
his first term as premier of Ontario 
will continue to be his ruling policy In 
the future, we are also convinced that 
his stralghforward methods In the 
conduct of business Is the lesson of a 
purer public life for Canada." 


Maay Prominent Men Occnpled Seats 
on the Platform 

Among those who occupied seats on 
the platform were: John E. Milne 
(chairman), Hon. J. P. Whitney, Hon. 
J. S. Hendrle, Hon. J. J. Poy, Hon. Dr. 
Pyne, Hon. Prank Cochrane, Hon. 
Nelson Montelth, Mayor Stewart, Aid. 
Parmer, Parrar, Howard, Sweeney, 
Allan, Wright, Clark, Nicholson, 
Bailey, Oeorge-Lynch Staunton, CoL 
Raymond (Welland), Murray Pettit 
(Winona), John Hoodleaa, J. W. 
Morden, H. R. Tallman, Mar- 
tin Malone, E. Smith, Wm. Soutbam, 
H. Spencer Case, c: R. Smith, Thomas 
Ramsay, LleuL-Col. Moore, Wm.' Hen- 
drle, George Here, Chas. K. Milne, 
O. R. Stewart, John Hore, John Mllne, 
A- W. Semmens, Geo. Precious, John 
Bi .dley, T. H. Pratt, Adam Clark, W. 
C. Duvall, John Askew, Henry New, 
John Farmer, Albert Pain, Geo. Hold- 
en, W. A. Spratt, D. A. Culp, H. H. 
Robertson, James Shoots, Lew F. 
Stephens, Wm. L. Ross, Wm. Arm- 
strong, John Carroll, B. Ireland, W. 
B. Champ, A. L. OarUhore, W. H. 
Forster, F. H. Revell, W. M. Mllne, F. 
W. Quinn, W. O. Monger, W. H. Judd, 
A. W. Peene, H. Dallyn, D'Arcy Mar- 

tin, O. F. Olassco, (Carles Dallyn, Da- 
vid Olllles, C. O. Blachford, R. R. 
Morgan, J. A. Bruce, F. C. Bruce, 
J. H. Hewaon, W. J. Pepplatt, John. 
Hall, C. H. Bampfylde, Major Tlds- 
well. Col. H. C. Owyn, G. C. Wilson. 
Dr. James Anderson, O. H. Bvani. C. 
R. McCullough. F. R. Close, Thoma* 
Hobson. George R. Allan. Walter 
Anderson. T. H. Gould, Geort* 
Wilds. J. M. Robinson, F. H. 
Lamb, John Freeth, Walder Park*. 
Theo. Coleman, Thoa W. Lester, 
Frank Robins, George Armstrong, W. 
J. Clark, Wm. Hlpklns. L. Slaughter, 
O. Carscallen. Capt. Henderson, John 
Leggat, a Howard, Robert New, 8a«k- 
vllle Hill, W. J. Southam, O. R. 
Judd, Dr. D. Q. Storms, W. J. Swan- 
son, Lawrence Munro, Dr. Jas. Baugh. 
and many others. 

The Conservative aasoclatlon execu- 
tive was wise In providing an overtkxw 
meeting In the Conaervallve clubrooma. 
There .'ere 00 many who were unable 
to geit Into the Savoy theater that 
many would have <been dlsaippointed 
had 'there ibeen no other 'meeting to 
attend. The 'political .meeting spirit 
was in the air— It affected everyone, 
and hundreds were glad of the chance 
to hear a ipromlnent member of the 
cajbinet tpeaJt art the Conservative olub- 
roonw. Hon. W. J. Hanna. tile .provin- 
cial secretary. Is one of the ibrlghteat 
minds in the legislature. He Is like- 
wise one of the fbest speakers.. 

It was with peculiar pleasure that 
the tmony members of the great C3on- 
servatlve party of 'HaaniHon and many 
Reformers as well, took advantage of 
the chance 'to hear iHon. Mr. Hanna. 
There was not room for all In the Sa- 
voy, and those who could not set In 
there and -who went to hear Hon. Mr. 
H<anna were treated to as fine a cam- 
paign speech «s they could wish to 
hear. It lacked the authority that 
oomes only with the utterance at the 
premier, of course, 'but Hon. Mr. Han- 
na convinced everyone that he was lit; 
Ue short at his chief In abllHy to 
■peak and present a clear case to an 

In the absence ot iMayor etawart. 
e. D. BIgigar. K.C oi-cupled the chair. 
Mr. 'Blgggar opened the meeting by re- 
ferring to the (presence of ISon. Mr. 
Hanna. who iwas to address the electors 
present. That the lange crowd woidd 
ibe glaid to bear so elble a representa- 
tive of the government he felt sure. 



PnrlKlal Swratary'i AMrtu LIMm- 
•d T* With Oraat Iittntt 

Hon. Mr. Huhw waa given an «n- 
thuiitesno recaption. In opanlnc hla 
aaarew ba aatd tbat rarhapa ha couM 
not do battar than to rapaat what the 
pranlar had aald In opanlns lila apaach 
At tba othar maatlnc a (aw momeDta 
pravtoiis. Mr. Whitney and hla sov- 
«mnient expected re-etectlon— It waa to 
be boiwd that It would be ao. The 
wtah came from the heart o( htmaelf, 
a« wall aa from the bearti ol all of hla 
colleacuea In the soveminent, that 
every member ahould tie re-elected at 
the provincial elecUona to be held on 
June I. Mr. Whitney In hla ipeech had 
tnade reference to the work done Wy 
the two meraawra ifrom .HajnUton, alnc-j 
the reeuUa of the electlona of 19as had 
been tnade known, and '.t waa found 
that the Conservatlvea were In .power. 
Mr. Wlhttney had referred to the woilc 
of the Weat and Eaat (Hamilton mem- 
bers, particularly Hon. John 6. Hen- 
drte, who had become a member of the 
cabinet, and the late Mr. Canacafllen. 
the latter was an exceptionally capa- 
1>1e man. He remembered when he and 
Mr. Corscallen had In company oocu- 
pisd tlie platform from which he waa 
.apeaklns. It waa an occoalon not to 
be forgotten, that meeting about laOG, 
when the Coneervatlvea were trying to 
get Into power. The late Mr. Caracal- 
lan had the respect of men In public 
life, and be iwaa a great credit to the 
conUltuency which had olected him. 
He waa a great credit to the body of 
men at Toronto of which he waa a part. 
Hon. Mr. Hanna was glad to be able 
te aay that In honoring Mr. Carscallen 
Eaat Hamilton had honored Itself, and 
Wait fTamllton had done the same In 
regard to the election of Hon. John S. 
Hendrie, a member of the Whitney 

The provincial aecretary said he 
greatly misto<rfc the feeling of the elect- 
ors in Weet Hamilton if they did not 
return Hon. Mr. Hendrie with an in- 
creaaed majority, and If Weet Hamil- 
ton did not repeat what tt had done (or 
Ita aible representative at the last elec- 


This, said he, was the opening of the 

cannf>aign, as far as the government 

waa concerned. The question at once 


oeeurrad, at aucti a tneetlnc, and ludsr 
aueh olnunataDoea, whan an appeal 
waa iMlng made to ttte peopla. What 
aball we talk aiboutT The manbam M 
tlte gevemment were too modaat to 
boaat about tbel^ virtues. Ttia raam- 
bera of the govamment had ao rtoaa 
to answer for. Only In dltflcalty eouU 
they And reaaonaibia axouaa (or occu- 
pying the platform I Ha waa reduced 
to the necessity of traveling over the 
•round that had been traveled ao ottea 
before; traveling over ground (hat wma 
as familiar to the audience as to taim. 
There was notliing before hhn, but to 
review with all beccmlng modeaty that 
waa his In great part, the things that 
had been done, the things that had 
been aocomplished by the Whitney gov- 
ernment since It went into power In 

Colonel Hugh Clark had emphasised 
one point about the advent of the Con- 
servatives to power In this fair prov- 
ince. He pointed out that It was a 
new experience for the Conservative* 
to be In power. He made It clear that 
the Whitney government at Toronto 
had been the first Conservative gov- 
enrment In Ontario einee Christopiter 
Columfcus had discovered America. 

Before Mr. Wihltney was elected, he 
had said to the people of the province, 
"Elect me, and I will do so and so." 
He had pledged the Conservative party, 
of whdch he was the head, to an ad- 
ministration of business capacity, to an 
administration of honesty, to an ad- 
ministration that would have the law 
enforced. Mr. Whitney In opposition 
said these things; he promlseci good 
government. The Liberals had said 
that he could not make good if he waa 
elected; that he had no men, and that 
the Conservatives had had no experi- 
ence. It would be well to see how far 
the Conservative government, after a 
term of office, had made good; how 
far It had redeemed the pledges made 
while it was In opposition. 

In doing that he was overlooking Im- 
portant history of the province, which 
was made Invmedlately prior to 1965. 
Hon. Mr. Hanna said he did not want 
to r6vie-r7 the occurrences of those few 
years. All thinking Liberals, all rea- 
sonable men, would agree with him 
that these were the blackest pages In 
the history of Ontario. They wouM be 
glad to turn them over, and go on. The 
rank and file of the Liberal party waa 
not rssponsihle in any way for what 
had happened. The rank and file «( 

tiM Ubcral parly wu •• misIou* « 
tiM Mnk anil flic at th« Oonwrvatlv* 
party (or hontat (ovarnanaflti elaan 
tovarnmmt that would r-japond to Um 
win of tba pwpla. Even tha laadani of 
the Ubaral party, whAi thay took tha 
•tapa which uUknataly lad to tha «e> 
cur. 3nc«ii. Ntlla coMamplatad tha con- 
dIUona thry war* ttrlnflnc about. 

And how did thesa condltlona coma 
about? It would ba a «r«nd thint for 
iha provinca If the «ilack racorda could 
)ia wipad out, oblltaratad from ttia 
patca of hlitory. If Pramlar Hardy 
y<!"f only raalgnad hia oftkc, whan ha 
iiad a majority of but one! If ha had 
only baan allowed to «x«. ;laa Ma ]ud«- 
Tnent. Instead of belnv furced to bow to 
the will of the other members of tha 
sovernment! If he had not been over- 
ruled by hIa colleapiaa— If Hairdy had 
had hiB way— theae black pa«ea of hla- 
tory would never have been written. 
Then came Premier Rosa, as Mr. Har- 
dy'i aucceaior. Liberate and Conaervt- 
llws alike would aay that It would be 
a%rand th1iv» if Mr. Roaa had found 
that he ought to lay down tha relna of 
offh!e, when he had only one of a ma- 
jority In the houae. If he had dropped 
the relna, or handed them over to the 
Conaervatlve leader to take up. and 
carry on the bualnesa of the provlncat 
Would that not have been a «rand 
thln» for the Lfberal party, and the 
hlatory of the province? 

What did It mean to the hlatory of 
tl.e province? What about the election 
trials that took place between 1»M and 
IMS? The electora of the province 
would have been spared that dreadful 
Btory of the thincs that diacraced the 
province! They would have been spar- 
ed the dlstrraceful story of West Elgin 
and North Waterloo. These thlnga 
would not have been affixed to the 
record of a political party. 

Mr. Banna referred to the bringing 
In of HuK-the-Machlne Preston, and 
to what he tried to do In order to get 
a sufficient majority for the govern- 
ment to work with. The Grit govern- 
ment finally could not let go when It 
wanted to. And the final result of this 
sad Iwglnnlng was the overthrow of the 
most corrupt administration Ontario 
had ever seen. 

It waa only riglit to ask the members 
of the government, those to whom the 
faith of the province had been pinned, 
those who were entrusted with the 
carrying on of the work of the pro- 
vince, how had they carried out their 

promlaas. It waa Iha duly of tha gov- 
amment to give an accounting and to 
answer the rightful quealMna. 

Ona of the pledgrs made ly Ur, 
Whitney when In oppoaltlon waa that 
he would. If elected, do away with tha 
numbered ballot. Waa there a Con- 
servative In the province, was there 
any fair-minded . man In the provinca, 
who would not aay th«( II waa a good 
thing? Before the Whitney government 
became an actuality there had been 
complaint made on every political plat- 
form at almoat every meeting, about 
the numbered ballot, and the lack of 
the secrecy that waa supposed to be 
the essential of a ballot. Mr. Whlt-<ay 
had aaid that he would do away with 
that numbered ballot. The firm act of 
the government at the first sesalch of 
the leglalature was to fulfil that pledge, 
tckdo away with that numbered ballot. 
(Xpplauae.) Had Mr. Whitney re- 
dsemed that pledge? He surely had. 


Another promise that Mr. Whitney 
had made to the people of Ontario 
when he waa still in opposition was 
that If he were elected he would see 
that the law was enforced. And that 
waa a Whitney promise— the kind that 
were worth their weight In gold. If 
the Roaa government had enforced the 
law aa Mr. Whitney said hs would do, 
and had done, there would have been 
no election scandala. 

Hon. Mr. Hanna recalled an Instafm- 
where the late Hon. J. W. St. John 
stood up In the house at Toronto and 
charged the Rosa government with al- 
lowing open violation of the law. Mr. 
St. John had told about a bucket shop 
In West Toronto Junction that drained 
the pockets, sapped the morala, of the 
young men of Toronto U5 days in every 
year. The attorney-general of the Rosa 
government said that the province waa 
helpless, that this bucket shop had a 
Dominion charter of some nshlns or 
(porting character, and that a great 
constitutional question was Involved, 
The complaint waa repeated 4s to Port 
Erie, Windsor, with the same answer. 
Finally, the attorney-general Instruct- 
ed a lawyer to sUrt proceedings to 
determine what this great constitu- 
tional question was. a suit which would 
be decided when his grandchildren were 
men and women. 

But In the meantime came the 
change of government in IMS. The 
premier was himself attorney-general 
for a time. One day a couple of caba 
containing detectives started out tram 


th« parliament bulMInn and aarround- 
•d tha buckat ahopa. ona hundrad r<"1 
forty-Mvcn younc man wara ta .1, 
alone with parapharnalla, ate. In thla 
bvJkat ■hop. Tha man In charca wrrc 
flnad tha limit of the law. and th« 
buckat ahop.* In Toronto. Port Erie 
and Windsor wara wipad out. There 
waa no wide-open ehop. Ip defiance o( 
the taw. The irrpat conitltutlonal quee- 
tlon remained unsettled. (Ap- 



It waa of vreat Importance, thla law 
•BforeanMnt! Had Mr Whitnay en- 
(oread the lawT Tha election frauds, 
the awltohlnc at ballots that occurred 
In the niimeroua bye-«l«etlans prior ta 
IMW, would not have happened had 
the law been anCoroed. Had Mr. Whit- 
ney done It? Had he made cood hie 
pledges In tMs particular? 

lit In doubt, Mr. Hanna wanted to 
refer the doubtful one to numerous In- 
stanoea were offenders were servinc 
In Jai:-. He Invited the audience to 
look at London, to the trials there, 
where acores of men, one after the 
other, awore to havinc received 110 af- 
ter $10 for their votea to elect a tnlnt- 
•ter ot the crown. Four buaineas men 
«< London, who were bi( In a busi- 
ness way, and socially, men who w^re 
bonest and honoraible In their bualnesa 
— <our men who had been educated In 
that achool a€ poUtlca where there la 
no Jaw to punish crime if It Is In the 
Intercat of the relrninc political par- 
ty, were wonderlnc in suspense what 
would happen to them. Aak any ot 
these four If the Whitney covemment 
had kevt it« pre-election promlaei! 

Had this policy borne frutt? What 
waa the answer? There had been aev- 
en or elvht bye-elections since, in close 
comtituendes. In Kingston there was 
a close fight. The result might go 
either way. The majority waa only 22. 
Tet no newepaper, or public man, of 
any importance, had changed that 
tiiere was a alngle corrupt act In the 
election. It was a remarkaible state 
of bffalrs. In all the three and a halt 
yean the Conservatives had been In 
Dower not a sdngle newspaper ot any 
(tandtiw, and no one In authority, had 
aoggested that the government or any- 
one else had resorted to imi>roper me- 
ttioda to secure any reauits not other- 
wlae to be obtained. (Cheers.) Had 
not those present mighty good reason 
to be voud that they were Conaem- 


As • raauH of the enfereement of 
the law In elaetlon oaaaa, the election 
work was now free from the stain 
put on It through the labor ot t:ie Rosa 
govermnent agenU. There was pro- 
per enforcement. People now did not 
dare to attempt suvh tactics again. 

How a,bout the administration of the 
Mquor license law? Mr. Whitney hud 
promised to aee that It would be en- 
forced. He had made no false proro- 
Ises. In his famous apeech on the ra- 
ferendum he had come out laily i>'lth 
a statamr.ut as to where he stood. If 
he had kept silent, he might have got 
the vote of both sides, but he prefer- 
red honesty and openness. What then 
could be said of the enforcement of 
the llqnor Mcense law? Had sir. Whit- 
ney made good? Mr. Whitney was 
not extreme, one way or tha other. 
He said that there was a great deal 
to be gained by the liquor license law, 
if pnxMTly admlntatered. 

Hon. Mr. >H«nna liald he would not 
go Into detail, becaust^ that was hU 
department. He 'would leave It to the 
various church bodlo., ar.iund the coun- 
try. He would leave It .to the resolu- 
tions they had paased. to the Methodist 
conference, expressing lu gratification 
and thankfulness to the government at 
Toronto tor the enforcement of the 
law. iHe would leave It to the Baptist 
assoclatlona, to the PreabyterUn as- 
senHbllea, to the Anglicans, to t le let- 
tern ifrom acoK.3 ot Catholic ,)rle»U. 
all Uie same In tone. The lleenae holders 
themselves said that never in ihe his- 
tory of the trade had they so appreci- 
ated the Importance to therwelves of 
a good eaforcement of the law. They 
hoped iby o' serving the law to tteaioe 
what would otherwise aurely overtake 
them. Hon. Mr. iHaona said that he 
iwiould leave It tp all these, and every- 
one wouM have to admit that the li- 
quor license law had been fairly en- 

Then as to prison laibor. That was 
another que»tlon Included in his de- 
partment. JV>r many yearn there had 
been objection to prison taibor com- 
peting dn open market with free iaibor's 
products. Hon. Mr. Hoadrle, in hia 
campaign in 1M6, had made a right on 
this question, on the proposition that 
all auoh prison cpooda should be mailc- 
ed 'iprlaon made." The government 

•ronilMd Is adopt thU, It no mon •»!!- 
■M* way ^Ottld b* found •• • aoluUon. 
T«t K tiM aMdo won marlMd, It muit 
nnn s'hat thoy would be oh*ap*r than 
KBUIar irodueti. It would mwa that 
Umt would tltbor «• cbaapor and And 
a wMor markat, or than would b* no 
owrkat at all. If H waa a «ln*r mar- 
kat, thail waa no ramady at all. If 
tban waa no martiat, It almply maaat 
that othar flaMa of labor muat ba 
Arand for tha prtaonan. 

It oocurrad to «IM fovammant <hat 
parlMpa a oouM <ba arrangad that tha 
priaonara couM 4m ampioyad on a farm, 
ralflac produca for hair own aupport, 
to tha profit at ih ^iTaa and tha 
provlnca. (A(>plaua«.j iMany of ttat 
prtaonara In Canlral priaon wara not 
ted falkma. Tbay wara <lrat oKand- 
am, man wlio had >baan drtnkinc, irot 
Into a dght, a brawl, o.- dona aona 
nlnor thine undar avU Influancea. 
Brhty par ornt oif tham eouM ba truat- 
•9 to taka a chance. Thara would ba 
■• alrtpaa, no handcuffa, no cropped 
hoada. Thar would ba «lvan a chanc* 
to kaap thair aalt-raapact Thay would 
La flvan another ehaooe. (Cbaera.) 

On a farm o( 400 aeraa they would be 
•Iven Intelllcent emptoyment. They 
eould not tie rut Into competition with 
fraa latnr, and «hay would t)a (iven a 
chaJice to get away tram evil aaaooU- 
tlc nt. It waa not a matter of polltlci. 
B-'Ji aldea wlabea the movament Ood- 
vead. many o( those In Central priaon 
:«une 'rom tha waatern part of Onta- 
ilo. Tha diatrlot around iF>ort WtUlam, 
Port Arthor, Kenora, aent 100 out of 
the MO miaonera. It meant a bic az- 
panaa, and ao It waa propoaad to have 
a branch of thu Inatltutlon In the north- 
ern countny. Up cthere were roada to 
make, at Which whHe labor rafoaed to 
work. I!l(hty per cent of the priaoners 
oouM aafely be taJcen out, and with a 
promlae of aome montha off their a«n- 
tence they could ibe made to do good 
work In the open, away from atrlpea, 
handcuffa and crooped haada. It was 
«oHe true that a'l crtmlnala were not 
In jtrlaon, and not all priaoners were 
crtmhiala, and ao thcae fallowa ahould 
be orlven thla chance to Im men. The 
priaoners were not of the penitentiary 
Tarlecy. There had been 130,000 aet 
pacted It would, the plan would be car- 
ried to completion. 


IHon. Itr. Hanna told of the (OTern- 

naot plan for dealint with the Mercer 

reformatory (Irla. Tftara were Tt In Ik* 
Ina, tutleo— a brttht. haallfcy lot. Vity 
kad minds, and hearts, and souls, as 
well as othar people, and It waa a 
shame to keep tham lockfd up behind 
ateel ban. Tha coat of the malntrn- 
ancc for (Iris waa MOO per year, and 
under the old system, after they (ot 
throurh b#ln( cooped up, they wara 
(Iven a ticket and sent back to tha en- 
vironment that worked their ruin In tka 
first place. Mr. Hanna referred to tha 
(ood work dona by Adam Brown In 
this connection, aa well as by J. J, 
Kelso. He told of the experiment of 
taking 9 (Irla out of the prison, plac- 
ln( thsm In good homes In the pravlaea, 
and of how happy tha (Iris ware In 
these good homes. He told of how V- 
more were taken out, until (he reform- 
atory officials were afraid they went 
going to loae their Jobs. Finally only 
four were left, and then these were 
provided for, after they had pleaded 
hard for a chance. Since then M or M' 
more had been taken care of In thi* 
way. Six or seven were married and! 
lived now In decent homea. The auc- 
cesa of tbls encouraged the govern- 
ment to go ahead with the Central 
priaon scheme. 


iMr. Hanna, In conclusion, dealt with 
the oaj'lums, which are also under his 
charge. He told of the hlgli compli- 
ment piUd by Dr. MCFedren, of To- 
ronto university, to the government, 
for Its advances In the asylum treat- 
ment. IDT. M0Fedren was Scotdi, Pres- 
byterian and a Orit, and that made bta 
commendtaim worth all the more. Mr. 
Hanna dealt ibrlefly with the asylum 
arrangements, showing how, since the 
Whitney government's time, an ad- 
vanve In medical and scientific llnea 
ihad been made in treating patients, 
how the government waa arranging 
for a hospital for Inclp'^nt cases, /.o 
that no man need have the stigma of 
Inaanlty agalnat bim until he was real- 
ly serloualy Insane. It was a great 
work, and the doctora themselves wen 
the first ones to appreciate It. (Cheers.) 

Dr, W. F. Langrlll moved a vote of 
thanks to Hon. Mr. Hanna, corroborat- 
ing what had been said about the value 
of the treatment of the Insane patlanta, 
and <JBiarle8 Peebles seconded the mo- 
tion. It was carried enthusiastlcany,. 
and then the meeting adjourned.